Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
By: Crystal Singh
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado was a famous Spanish explorer, ruler, and conquistador. He was born in Salamanca, Spain, in the year 1510. He is famous for being the first European to explore North America's Southwest and discovering the Grand Canyon and many other landmarks. Francisco was born into a wealthy family, although he did not have much luck with earning any of the family inheritance so he decided to make it on his own for a New World. In 1530, rumors of riches in Mexico started spreading and Francisco saw this as a great opportunity to finally make a real name for himself. He sailed to Mexico in 1535 with his crew to try and discover the rumored treasure. A year into his exploration he didn't find anything, but he ran into many Native American tribes such as the Hopi, Pueblos, and Zuñi. He even had a battle against the Zuñi tribe on July 7th, 1540. During this battle he came across a man that told him about the new rumor of the Seven Cities Of Gold. The Viceroy of Mexico sent Francisco to go explore this new mystery treasure. Less then a year later the men had no luck in finding any gold, silver, etc. They called the exploration a failure and Francisco's men split up to find other treasures. This, however, lead to a great discovery in 1541 when Francisco came across one of todays most famous valleys in America, The Grand Canyon. Even after discovering this historical landmark, Francisco still felt unachieved and returned to Mexico with not even a hint of gold (1542). The Viceroy was very disappointed and charged Francisco with neglecting his duties. However, theses charges were later dropped and Francisco came across the opportunity to regain the favor by testifying for the governor of New Spain (western province of Mexico). He won the vote and in 1549 he was given a piece of land as a reward for his service. He spent the rest of his life in New Spain as the governor and in 1554 Francisco died in Mexico with a legacy of being the first European to explore West America.
"A man shall never die under enemies control"
By: Bente Koelink
Peter Stuyvesant was a Dutch Colonial of New Amsterdam. He was active in his job from 1647-1664.
Peter Stuyvesant was born in Friesland,Holland in 1602. He was a hard and dedicated worker, even from a young age. Joined the West India Company when he was a youthful man. He became the director of the of West India Company's Colony in Curaçao in 1642 where he lost his leg, in an attack on the island of Saint Martin. As he was working there he did not tolerate religious freedom (in the colony), he refused Lutherans to organize a church and refused to allow Jews from Northern Brazil settle permanently (without passports). Though he did attempt to have Jews 'in a friendly way departed from ten colony. Due to these actions he was known and had a reputation for being a tough and rule-bound leader.
In 1647 he became director of general New Amsterdam (also known as New Netherlands). He directly attempted reform the colony by regulating liquor sales, and punishing those who were not members of the Dutch Reformed Church. As a result of this rule, the people on New Amsterdam put up a little resistance when English warship showed up in 1664,and Peter was forced to show friendship and surrender the city to the English. That same year of 1664 on the 9th of September, he signed the treaty to declare Richard Nicolls govern of New Amsterdam which he later renamed New York City. After that, Peter did still obtained civil rights and freedom.
In 1665, Peter went back to the Netherlands to report on his term as governor. He spent the remainder of his life on his farm outside the city (called 'The Great Bouwerie ) He built a mansion of stone called 'Whitehall'. Then died in August 1672. His grave on side of Family Chapel.
"Your patience would fail you if I should continue to relate all the disrespectful speeches and treatment which your servants have been obliged to listen to and patiently to bear"